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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Sep 21;13(35):4755-60.

Pathology of hepatic iron overload.

Author information

1
Liver Unit and CIC INSERM 0203, Pontchaillou University Hospital, Rennes 35033, France. yves.deugnier@univ-rennes1.fr

Abstract

Although progress in imaging and genetics allow for a noninvasive diagnosis of most cases of genetic iron overload, liver pathology remains often useful (1) to assess prognosis by grading fibrosis and seeking for associated lesions and (2) to guide the etiological diagnosis, especially when no molecular marker is available. Then, the type of liver siderosis (parenchymal, mesenchymal or mixed) and its distribution throughout the lobule and the liver are useful means for suggesting its etiology: HLA-linked hemochromatosis gene (HFE) hemochromatosis or other rare genetic hemochromatosis, nonhemochromatotic genetic iron overload (ferroportin disease, aceruloplasminemia), or iron overload secondary to excessive iron supply, inflammatory syndrome, noncirrhotic chronic liver diseases including dysmetabolic iron overload syndrome, cirrhosis, and blood disorders.

PMID:
17729397
PMCID:
PMC4611197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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