Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dev Biol. 2007 Nov 15;311(2):665-78. Epub 2007 Jul 26.

A highly conserved Wnt-dependent TCF4 binding site within the proximal enhancer of the anti-myogenic Msx1 gene supports expression within Pax3-expressing limb bud muscle precursor cells.

Author information

  • 1School of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK.


The product of the Msx1 gene is a potent inhibitor of muscle differentiation. Msx1 is expressed in muscle precursor cells of the limb bud that also express Pax3. It is thought that Msx1 may facilitate distal migration by delaying myogenesis in these cells. Despite the role played by Msx1 in inhibiting muscle differentiation, nothing is known of the mechanisms that support the expression of the Msx1 gene within limb bud muscle precursor cells. In the present study we have used a combination of comparative genomics, mouse transgenic analysis, in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry to identify a highly conserved and tissue-specific regulatory sub-domain within the previously characterised Msx1 gene proximal enhancer element that supports the expression of the Msx1 gene in Pax3-expressing mouse limb pre-muscle masses. Furthermore, using a combination of in situ hybridisation, in vivo ChIP assay and transgenic explant culture analysis we provide evidence that Msx1 expression in limb bud muscle precursor cells is dependent on the canonical Wnt/TCF signalling pathway that is important in muscle shape formation. The results of these studies provide evidence of a mechanistic link between the Wnt/TCF and the Msx1/Pax3/MyoD pathways within limb bud muscle precursor cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center