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Parasite Immunol. 2007 Sep;29(9):467-74.

Lipopopeptidephosphoglycan from Entamoeba histolytica activates human macrophages and dendritic cells and reaches their late endosomes.

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Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunoquímica, Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), México DF, México.


Lipopopeptidephosphoglycan (LPPG) is a complex macromolecule from the surface of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites. We analysed the interaction between LPPG and human macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) and found that LPPG is internalized by these cells and activates them. The internalization process involves intracellular traffic from the cell membrane to late endosomes, as shown by co-localization of LPPG with late endosomes marked with FITC-dextran and LAMP-1. LPPG-activated DCs have increased expression of co-stimulatory molecules CD80, CD86 and CD40 and produce pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-8 and IL-12. Taken together, these results show that LPPG activates antigen-presenting cells and reaches intracellular compartments that are involved in antigen presentation.

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