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Anal Chim Acta. 2006 Jul 28;573-574:110-6. Epub 2006 Mar 16.

Highly selective microbiosensors for in vivo measurement of glucose, lactate and glutamate.

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  • 1Laboratory of Biomolecular Electronics, Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 150 Zabolotnogo Street, 03143 Kyiv, Ukraine.


An alternative approach to production of amperometric microbiosensors, which combines electrochemical electrometallization and electropolymerisation of phenylene diamine film with covalent binding enzymes, is presented. In this respect, for a sensitive detection of hydrogen peroxide (HP) at +0.4V versus Ag/AgCl (detection limit of 0.5 microM, s/n=3), carbon fiber microelectrodes (30 microm in diameter and 500 microm long) were covered with ruthenium. To obtain a highly selective detection of HP, in the presence of different interfering compounds (ascorbic acid, uric acid, etc.), an additive semi-permeable polymer film was formed on the top of the ruthenium layer by electropolymerisation of m-phenylene diamine (m-PD). The enzymatic selective layers were formed by covalent cross-linking the enzymes (glucose oxidase, lactate oxidase or glutamate oxidase) with BSA by glutaraldehyde in the presence of ascorbate oxidase. An additional polymeric layer based on polyurethane and Nafion was deposited on the top of the enzymatic membrane (glucose oxidase, lactate oxidase, or glutamate oxidase) in order to extend the dynamic range of biosensors up to 4mM for glucose (R=0.997; Y[nA]=-0.22+9.68x[glucose, mM]), 1.75mM for lactate (R=0.991; Y[nA]=0.43+15.36x[lactate, mM]) and 0.25 mM for glutamate (R=0.999; Y[nA]=0.02+29.14x[glutamate, mM]). The developed microbiosensors exhibited also negligible influences from interfering compounds at their physiological concentrations. Microbiosensors remained stable during 10h in a flow injection system at 36 degrees C and pH 7.4. The microbiosensors developed are now used in vivo and, as an example, we report here the data obtained with the glucose biosensor.

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