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J Thromb Haemost. 2007 Sep;5(9):1945-55.

Proteomic analysis of platelet alpha-granules using mass spectrometry.

Author information

1
Section on Human Biochemical Genetics, Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1851, USA. maynardd@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Platelets have three major types of secretory organelles: lysosomes, dense granules, and alpha-granules. alpha-Granules contain several adhesive proteins involved in hemostasis, as well as glycoproteins involved in inflammation, wound healing, and cell-matrix interactions. This article represents the first effort to define the platelet alpha-granule proteome using mass spectrometry (MS).

METHODS:

We prepared a subcellular fraction enriched in intact alpha-granules from human platelets using sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. alpha-Granule proteins were separated and identified using sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-tandem MS.

RESULTS:

In the sucrose fraction enriched in alpha-granules, we identified 284 non-redundant proteins, 44 of which appear to be new alpha-granule proteins, on the basis of a literature review. Immunoelectron microscopy confirmed the presence of Scamp2, APLP2, ESAM and LAMA5 in platelet alpha-granules for the first time. We identified 65% of the same proteins that were detected in the platelet releasate (J. A. Coppinger et al. [Blood 2004;103: 2096-104]) as well as additional soluble and membrane proteins. Our method provides a suitable tool for analyzing the granule proteome of patients with storage pool deficiencies.

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