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Thromb Haemost. 2007 Aug;98(2):397-405.

The von Willebrand factor antagonist (GPG-290) prevents coronary thrombosis without prolongation of bleeding time.

Author information

1
Department of BioResources, Wyeth Research, 200 Cambridge Park Drive, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02140, USA.

Abstract

The interaction between von Willebrand factor (VWF) and platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha (GPIbalpha) is a critical step that allows platelet adhesion, activation and subsequent thrombus formation to the injured vessel wall under high-shear conditions. In this study, we sought to investigate 1) whether GPG-290, a recombinant human GPIbalpha chimeric protein, would prevent thrombosis in a canine model of coronary thrombosis by blocking VWF-GPIbalpha interaction; and 2) whether desmopressin (DDAVP), a VWF release stimulant, could reduce the prolonged bleeding time caused by a 10x efficacious dose of GPG-290. The antithrombotic efficacy of GPG-290 was evaluated by the in-vivo ability to prevent cyclic flow reductions (CFRs) and ex-vivo inhibition of platelet adhesion/aggregation reflected by prolongation of Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA-100) collagen/ADP closure time. The anti-hemostatic effect was assessed by template bleeding time. GPG-290 at doses of 25, 50 and 100 microg/kg abolished CFRs in 67%, 100% and 100% of the treated dogs without bleeding time prolongation, respectively; GPG-290 dose-dependently prolonged the ex-vivo collagen/ADP-closure time, while it had no effects on plasma VWF antigen level (VWF:Ag) and VWF-collagen binding activity (VWF:CB); the prolonged template bleeding time caused by 500 microg/kg of GPG-290 was prevented by intravenous infusion of DDAVP (0.3 microg/kg). In conclusion, GPG-290 appears to be an effective agent for treating arterial thrombosis without bleeding time prolongation.

PMID:
17721623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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