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Res Vet Sci. 2008 Jun;84(3):477-82. Epub 2007 Aug 27.

Pharmacokinetic study of an injectable long-acting parenteral formulation of doxycycline hyclate in calves.

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Departamento de Fisiología y Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Avenida Universidad 3000, Delegación Coyoacán, Ciudad de México C.P. 04510, Mexico.


Doxycycline hyclate (DOX-h) can be regarded as a time-dependant antibacterial. Hence, a parenteral long-acting formulation may be regarded as more pharmacologically sound. A poloxamer-based matrix was used to produce a long-acting injectable preparation (DOX-h-LA) and its serum concentrations vs. time profile investigated after its s.c. injection to calves. Serum concentrations profiles for such a prepartion were compared to the corresponding profiles obtained with an aqueous formulation of DOX-h injected either i.m. or i.v. in 10 calves in a crossover study at dose of 10mg/kg, with washout periods. DOX-h-LA showed the greatest values for bioavailability (602%); maximum serum concentration (C(max)) value was 1.99microg/mL with a time to reach C(max) (T(max)) of 25h and an elimination half-life of 40.81h. Considering minimum effective serum concentration of 0.5microg/mL a dose-interval of 80h can be achieved for DOX-h-LA, and only 9.7h and 17h after the i.v. or i.m. administration of DOX-h, respectively.

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