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Vet Pathol. 1991 Nov;28(6):506-13.

Lentivirus-induced pulmonary lesions in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) infected with simian immunodeficiency virus.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Tulane University, Covington, LA.

Abstract

Necropsy reports from 28 rhesus monkeys that had been experimentally infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and that were free of cytomegalovirus were reviewed. Lung sections from 24 of these monkeys that had no etiologic agent other than SIV detected in the lung were studied in detail by histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic examination and by in situ hybridization. Fourteen of the monkeys were part of a serial euthanasia study, while others were euthanatized after they became moribund. The following lesions were detected: perivascular inflammation, vasculitis, interstitial pneumonia, syncytial cells, hemorrhage, fibrin exudation, and pleural fibrosis. Perivascular inflammation was the most frequent lesion and occurred as early as 2 weeks after inoculation. Severe pneumonia and numerous syncytial cells were seen only in animals euthanatized because they had become moribund. The lesions appeared to be directly due to SIV infection. SIV antigens, RNA, and virions were detected in syncytial cells and macrophages by immunohistochemical examination, in situ hybridization, and transmission electron microscopic examination, respectively. The amount of virus present was correlated with the severity of the lesions. The SIV-induced lesions were different from those of the lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia, which occurs in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children and in ovine lentivirus-infected sheep and goats.

PMID:
1771740
DOI:
10.1177/030098589102800607
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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