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Toxicology. 2007 Oct 8;239(3):156-66. Epub 2007 Jul 17.

Protective effect of benzothiazole derivative KHG21834 on amyloid beta-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells and cortical and mesencephalic neurons.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, Republic of Korea.


We have investigated the effect of KHG21834, a benzothiazole derivative, on the amyloid beta protein (Abeta)-induced cell death in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells and rat cortical and mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures. KHG21834 attenuated the Abeta(25-35)-induced apoptotic death in PC12 cells determined by characteristic morphological alterations and positive in situ terminal end-labeling (TUNEL). In the cortical neuron-glia cultures, KHG21834 reduced the Abeta(25-35)-induced apoptosis determined by TUNEL staining. Immunocytochemical analysis and Western blot analysis of Abeta(25-35)-induced neurotoxicity in mesencephalic neuron-glia cultures with anti-tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) antibody showed that Abeta(25-35) decreased the expression of TH protein by 60% and KHG21834 significantly attenuated the Abeta(25-35)-induced reduction in the expression of TH. Moreover, KHG21834 attenuates Abeta(25-35)-induced toxicity concomitant with the reduction of activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 to a lesser extent. ERK1 was more sensitively affected than ERK2 in attenuation of Abeta(25-35)-induced phosphorylation by KHG21834. These results demonstrated that KHG21834 was capable of protecting neuronal cells from Abeta(25-35)-induced degeneration.

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