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Protein Expr Purif. 2007 Nov;56(1):20-6. Epub 2007 Jul 18.

Characterization of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (YUH1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressed in recombinant Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of Korea.


The YUH1 gene coding for ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1, a deubiquitinating enzyme, was cloned from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genomic DNA and expressed in Escherichia coli. YUH1 was fused with the 6 histidine tag at the N-terminus (H6YUH1) or C-terminus (YUH1H6) and purified by an immobilized metal affinity chromatography with high purity. By using a fluorogenic substrate, Z-Arg-Leu-Arg-Gly-Gly-AMC, the deubiquitinating activities for H6YUH1 (1.72U/mg) and YUH1H6 (1.61U/mg) were about 18 times higher than 0.092U/mg for H6UBP1, ubiquitin specific protease 1 of S. cerevisiae containing the 6 histidine residue at the N-terminus which is normally used in protein engineering. YUH1 had the optimal temperature of 27 degrees C and acidity of pH 8.5. Analysis of thermal deactivation kinetics of H6YUH1 estimated 3.2 and 1.4h of half lives at 4 and 52 degrees C, respectively. Immobilization onto the Ni-NTA affinity resin and environmental modulation were carried out to improve the stability of YUH1. Incubation of the immobilized YUH1 in 50% glycerol solution at -20 degrees C resulted in 52% of decrease in specific activity for 7days, corresponding to a 2.7-fold increase compared with that of the free YUH1 incubated in the same solution at 4 degrees C.

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