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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Oct 19;362(2):263-8. Epub 2007 Aug 13.

Different roles of Loop 7 in inhibition of calcineurin.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing Key Laboratory, Beijing 100875, PR China.


Calcineurin (CN) is the receptor for two immunophilin-immunosuppressant complexes, Cyp-CsA and FKBP-FK506. It is a heterodimer composed of a catalytic subunit (CNA) and a regulatory subunit (CNB). It is also inhibited by its own auto-inhibitory domain (AID). Loop 7 is a beta-hairpin within CNA that makes close contact with bound immunophilin-immunosuppressant complexes and with the AID. To investigate the role of Loop 7 in inhibition, we generated a series of deletion and substitution mutants and examined their inhibition by Cyp-CsA, FKBP-FK506 and an AID peptide. Our results demonstrate that the contacts made by Loop 7 are critical for its role in CN inhibition. Intriguingly, single residue deletions of Val314 and neighboring residues increased inhibition by FKBP-FK506 >6-fold, whereas they reduced Cyp-CsA inhibition >3-fold and abolished inhibition by the AID peptide. Most of the single substitution mutations also decreased Cyp-CsA inhibition. Loop 7 thus plays different roles in the inhibition of CN by the different inhibitors.

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