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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Oct;1767(10):1245-51. Epub 2007 Jul 19.

In yeast, Ca2+ and octylguanidine interact with porin (VDAC) preventing the mitochondrial permeability transition.

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Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 México D. F., Mexico.


In yeast, Ca(2+) and long chain alkylguanidines interact with mitochondria modulating the opening of the yeast mitochondrial unspecific channel. Mammalians possess a similar structure, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. The composition of these pores is under debate. Among other components, the voltage-dependent anion channel has been proposed as a component of either pore. In yeast from an industrial strain, octylguanidine and calcium closed the yeast mitochondrial unspecific channel. Here, the effects of the cations Ca(2+) or octylguanidine and the voltage-dependent anion channel effector decavanadate were evaluated in yeast mitochondria from either a wild type or a voltage-dependent anion channel deletion laboratory strain. It was observed that in the absence of voltage-dependent anion channel, the yeast mitochondrial unspecific channel was desensitized to Ca(2+), octylguanidine or decavanadate but remained sensitive to phosphate. It is thus suggested that in yeast mitochondria, the voltage-dependent anion channel has a cation binding site where Ca(2+) and octylguanidine interact, conferring cation sensitivity to the yeast mitochondrial unspecific channel.

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