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Lancet. 2007 Aug 18;370(9587):575-9.

Effect of remote ischaemic preconditioning on myocardial injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomised controlled trial.

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1
The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Whether remote ischaemic preconditioning, an intervention in which brief ischaemia of one tissue or organ protects remote organs from a sustained episode of ischaemia, is beneficial for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is unknown. We did a single-blinded randomised controlled study to establish whether remote ischaemic preconditioning reduces myocardial injury in these patients.

METHODS:

57 adult patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly assigned to either a remote ischaemic preconditioning group (n=27) or to a control group (n=30) after induction of anaesthesia. Remote ischaemic preconditioning consisted of three 5-min cycles of right upper limb ischaemia, induced by an automated cuff-inflator placed on the upper arm and inflated to 200 mm Hg, with an intervening 5 min of reperfusion during which the cuff was deflated. Serum troponin-T concentration was measured before surgery and at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after surgery. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00397163.

FINDINGS:

Remote ischaemic preconditioning significantly reduced overall serum troponin-T release at 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after surgery. The total area under the curve was reduced by 43%, from 36.12 microg/L (SD 26.08) in the control group to 20.58 microg/L (9.58) in the remote ischaemic preconditioning group (mean difference 15.55 [SD 5.32]; 95% CI 4.88-26.21; p=0.005).

INTERPRETATION:

We have shown that adult patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery at a single tertiary centre could benefit from remote ischaemic preconditioning, using transient upper limb ischaemia.

PMID:
17707752
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61296-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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