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Biomacromolecules. 2007 Sep;8(9):2717-25. Epub 2007 Aug 17.

Mannosylated poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) diblock copolymers: synthesis, characterization, and interaction with a bacterial lectin.

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1
Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolécules Végétales (CERMAV-CNRS), BP53, 38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France.

Abstract

A novel bioeliminable amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) diblock copolymer end-capped by a mannose residue was synthesized by sequential controlled polymerization of ethylene oxide and epsilon-caprolactone, followed by the coupling of a reactive mannose derivative to the PEO chain end. The anionic polymerization of ethylene oxide was first initiated by potassium 2-dimethylaminoethanolate. The ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone was then initiated by the omega-hydroxy end-group of PEO previously converted into an Al alkoxide. Finally, the saccharidic end-group was attached by quaternization of the tertiary amine alpha-end-group of the PEO-b-PCL with a brominated mannose derivative. The copolymer was fully characterized in terms of chemical composition and purity by high-resolution NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. Furthermore, measurements with a pendant drop tensiometer showed that both the mannosylated copolymer and the non-mannosylated counterpart significantly decreased the dichloromethane/water interfacial tension. Moreover, these amphiphilic copolymers formed monodisperse spherical micelles in water with an average diameter of approximately 11 nm as measured by dynamic light scattering and cryo-transmission electron microscopy. The availability of mannose as a specific recognition site at the surface of the micelles was proved by isothermal titration microcalorimetry (ITC), using the BclA lectin (from Burkholderia cenocepacia), which interacts selectively with alpha-D-mannopyranoside derivatives. The thermodynamic parameters of the lectin/mannose interaction were extracted from the ITC data. These colloidal systems have great potential for drug targeting and vaccine delivery systems.

PMID:
17705426
DOI:
10.1021/bm070342y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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