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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2007 Sep;8(9):673-86.

Development of GABA innervation in the cerebral and cerebellar cortices.

Author information

1
Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory, One Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA. huangj@cshl.edu

Abstract

In many areas of the vertebrate brain, such as the cerebral and cerebellar cortices, neural circuits rely on inhibition mediated by GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) to shape the spatiotemporal patterns of electrical signalling. The richness and subtlety of inhibition are achieved by diverse classes of interneurons that are endowed with distinct physiological properties. In addition, the axons of interneurons display highly characteristic and class-specific geometry and innervation patterns, and thereby distribute their output to discrete spatial domains, cell types and subcellular compartments in neural networks. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that specify and modify inhibitory innervation patterns are only just beginning to be understood.

PMID:
17704810
DOI:
10.1038/nrn2188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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