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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Oct 1;857(2):287-95. Epub 2007 Aug 2.

Determination of serum uric acid using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)/isotope dilution mass spectrometry (ID-MS) as a candidate reference method.

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National Institute of Metrology, National Research Center for CRMs, Beijing 100013, China.


Uric acid is an important diagnostic marker of catabolism of the purine nucleosides, and accurate measurements of serum uric acid are necessary for proper diagnosis of gout or renal disease appearance. A candidate reference method involving isotope dilution coupled with liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) has been described. An isotopically labeled internal standard, [1,3-(15)N(2)] uric acid, was added to serum, followed by equilibration and protein removal clean up to prepare samples for liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry electrospray ionization (LC/MS-ESI) analyses. (M-H)(-) ions at m/z 167 and 169 for uric acid and its labeled internal standard were monitored for LC/MS. The accuracy of the measurement was evaluated by a comparison of results of this candidate reference method on lyophilized human serum reference materials for uric acid (Standard Reference Materials SRM909b) with the certified values determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry reference methods and by a recovery study for the added uric acid. The method performed well against the established reference method of ion-exchange followed by derivatization isotope dilution (ID) gas chromatography mass spectrometry (ID-GC/MS). The results of this method for uric acid agreed well with the certified values and were within 0.10%. The amounts of uric acid recovered and added were in good agreement for the three concentrations. This method was applied to determine uric acid in samples of frozen serum pools. Excellent precision was obtained with within-set CVs of 0.08-0.18% and between-set CVs of 0.02-0.07% for LC/MS analyses. Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry electrospray ionization (LC/MS/MS-ESI) analysis was also performed. The LC/MS and LC/MS/MS results were in very good agreement (within 0.14%). This LC/MS method, which demonstrates good accuracy and precision, and is in the speed of analysis without the need for a derivatization stage, qualifies as a candidate reference method. This method can be used as an alternative reference method to provide an accuracy base to which the routine methods can be compared.

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