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Am J Nephrol. 2007;27(5):516-21. Epub 2007 Aug 16.

Relation between serum calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone and 'nondipper' circadian blood pressure variability profile in patients with normal renal function.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Fatih University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. mkanbay@fatih.edu.tr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

In patients with renal disease, an association between abnormal circadian blood pressure profile and abnormalities in bone and mineral metabolism, including vascular calcifications, is well known. However, such a link has not yet been reported in hypertensive patients with normal renal function. We aimed to evaluate if higher serum phosphate, calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH) level and the calcium x phosphate (Ca x P) product would be associated with a nondipper hypertension, in patients with normal renal function and without any PTH disorder.

METHODS:

190 hypertensive subjects with the following inclusion criteria were enrolled: (1) normal phosphate and PTH levels; (2) glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >60 ml/min, and (3) no history of calcium, phosphate, vitamin D medication and hyperparathyroidism.

RESULTS:

Of the total population, 76 patients (40%) were classified as dippers and 114 (60%) as nondippers. Nondipper patients had higher levels of phosphate (3.70 +/- 0.61 vs. 3.35 +/- 0.44 mg/dl, p = 0.001), Ca x P product (35.4 +/- 6.5 vs. 31.5 +/- 5.0, p = 0.001) and PTH (75.7 +/- 28.8 vs. 46.6 +/- 17.1 pg/ml, p = 0.000) compared to dipper patients. Independent predictors (multiple regression) for nondipper hypertension were PTH (beta = 0.43, p = 0.001) and phosphate (beta = 0.9, p = 0.03).

CONCLUSION:

We demonstrate a graded independent relation between higher levels of phosphate, PTH, Ca x P product and the risk of nondipping in hypertensive patients with an estimated GFR of >60 ml/min and normal mineral metabolism.

PMID:
17703091
DOI:
10.1159/000107489
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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