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J Hered. 2007;98(5):474-84. Epub 2007 Aug 16.

A cytogenetically characterized, genome-anchored 10-Mb BAC set and CGH array for the domestic dog.

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Department of Molecular Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Hered. 2007 Sep-Oct;98(6):635-6.


The generation of a 7.5x dog genome assembly provides exciting new opportunities to interpret tumor-associated chromosome aberrations at the biological level. We present a genomic microarray for array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis in the dog, comprising 275 bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones spaced at intervals of approximately 10 Mb. Each clone has been positioned accurately within the genome assembly and assigned to a unique chromosome location by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis, both individually and as chromosome-specific BAC pools. The microarray also contains clones representing the dog orthologues of 31 genes implicated in human cancers. FISH analysis of the 10-Mb BAC clone set indicated excellent coverage of each dog chromosome by the genome assembly. The order of clones was consistent with the assembly, but the cytogenetic intervals between clones were variable. We demonstrate the application of the BAC array for aCGH analysis to identify both whole and partial chromosome imbalances using a canine histiocytic sarcoma case. Using BAC clones selected from the array as probes, multicolor FISH analysis was used to further characterize these imbalances, revealing numerous structural chromosome rearrangements. We outline the value of a combined aCGH/FISH approach, together with a well-annotated dog genome assembly, in canine and comparative cancer studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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