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Histol Histopathol. 2007 Dec;22(12):1387-98.

NFKB and NFKBI polymorphisms in relation to susceptibility of tumour and other diseases.

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  • 1Department of Oncology, Institute of Biomedicine and Surgery, University of Link√∂ping, Link√∂ping, Sweden.


Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is responsible for the expression by regulating many genes for immune response, cell adhesion, differentiation, proliferation, angiogenesis and apoptosis. The function of NF-kappaB is inhibited by binding to NF-kappaB inhibitor (IkappaB), and imbalance of NF-kappaB and IkappaB has been associated with development of many diseases, including tumours. In this review, we focus on polymorphisms of the NFKB and NFKBI genes in relation to development of common inflammatory diseases including ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis, giant cell arthritis, type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, celiac disease, and Parkinson's disease, as well as susceptibility of several cancers, such as oral squamous cell carcinoma, colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatocellular carcinoma, breast cancer and myeloma.

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