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J Gastrointest Surg. 2007 Nov;11(11):1560-3. Epub 2007 Aug 15.

Outcomes of cocaine-induced gastric perforations repaired with an omental patch.

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Division of Trauma, DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, USA.


Crack cocaine has been associated with acute gastric perforation. The appropriate surgical treatment and long-term outcomes remain unclear. A retrospective chart review of all gastroduodenal perforations associated with crack cocaine use was performed. Data abstracted included details of short- and long-term outcomes. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to evaluate surgical outcomes. Over the 14-year period ending December 2005, 16 cases of crack-induced gastric perforations were identified. Most (75%) were treated with an omental patch. The other patients underwent a formal antiulcer operation, including one vagotomy and pyloroplasty (V&P), one vagotomy and antrectomy, one subtotal gastrectomy, and one ulcer excision and V&P. All patients after antiulcer procedures were followed for a median of 63 months (range 27-120) with no recurrences. Follow-up data were available in 75% of the omental patch patients. Recurrence of disease was observed in 56% of these omental patch patients at a median of 20 months (range 11-39). Those without recurrence were followed for a median of 67 months (range 12-96). The recurrence rate was borderline lower in the antiulcer group (P = 0.072). Omental patch closure results in a recurrence rate over 50% compared with no recurrence for formal antiulcer procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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