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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov;92(11):4218-23. Epub 2007 Aug 14.

Effects of growth hormone on exercise capacity and cardiopulmonary performance in patients with chronic heart failure.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University Federico II School of Medicine, 80131 Naples, Italy. fazio@unina.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Because GH exerted beneficial effects in various experimental models of heart failure, we investigated the effects of GH on physical exercise capacity and cardiopulmonary performance in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and chronic heart failure (CHF).

METHODS:

Twenty-two patients with CHF (New York Heart Association functional class II-III) underwent spirometry and a symptom-limited, cardiopulmonary exercise testing before and after 3 months of GH (n = 11; seven males; seven idiopathic; 57 +/- 11 yr; 4 IU sc every other day) or placebo (n = 11; eight males; six idiopathic; 54 +/- 10 yr) administration, in a randomized, double-blind trial. Background CHF therapy remained unchanged.

RESULTS:

GH, but not placebo, increased IGF-I serum concentration (from 144 +/- 35 to 293 +/- 58 ng/ml; P < 0.005) and improved New York Heart Association functional class (from 2.4 +/- 0.5 to 1.8 +/- 0.4; P < 0.005), exercise duration (from 831 +/- 273 to 925 +/- 266 sec; P < 0.005), peak power output (from 245 +/- 127 to 280 +/- 132 W; P < 0.05), peak minute ventilation (from 52.5 +/- 16.1 to 61.3 +/- 17.3 liters/min; P < 0.05), peak oxygen consumption (from 19.8 +/- 5.6 to 25.1 +/- 5.6 ml/kg.min; P < 0.005), and anaerobic threshold (from 14.9 +/- 4.8 to 20.0 +/- 4.5 ml/kg.min; P < 0.005) without affecting lung function parameters. Furthermore, the slope of the relationship between minute ventilation and pulmonary carbon dioxide production (ventilatory efficiency) decreased from 34.7 +/- 5.1 to 31.7 +/- 5.3 (P < 0.005), whereas the slope of the relation between percent predicted heart rate reserve used and percent observed metabolic reserve used (chronotropic index) rose from 0.57 +/- 0.20 to 0.69 +/- 0.18 (P < 0.005).

CONCLUSION:

Given the predictive value of physical exercise capacity and cardiopulmonary performance in CHF progression, these data provide additional insights into the mechanisms by which GH may potentially benefit CHF patients.

PMID:
17698902
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2007-1189
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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