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Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Aug;125(8):1051-8.

High-frequency ultrasound characteristics of 24 iris and iridociliary melanomas: before and after plaque brachytherapy.

Author information

1
The New York Eye Cancer Center, Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, 115 E 61st St, New York, NY 10065, USA. pfinger@eyecancer.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate size, characteristics, and regression of iris and iridociliary melanomas on high-frequency ultrasound images before and after plaque brachytherapy.

METHODS:

Retrospective review of high-frequency ultrasound characteristics of 24 consecutive iris and iridociliary melanomas before and after radiation therapy.

RESULTS:

The median tumor thickness before radiation therapy was 2.3 mm (range, 1.4-4.3 mm). Nineteen iris melanomas (79%) involved the ciliary body, 18 (75%) involved the iris pigment epithelium, 11 (46%) were club shaped, and 4 (17%) caused disinsertion of the iris root. At a median follow-up of 30 months after plaque brachytherapy, the mean tumor thickness had diminished to 1.2 mm (median, 1.2 mm; range, 0.9-1.9 mm). While all tumors exhibited a reduction in thickness, no tumors showed additional regression after 30 months past treatment. Fourteen tumors (58%) were noted to have increases in internal reflectivity. There was 1 failure of local control (at 6 years), successfully treated by a second application of plaque brachytherapy.

CONCLUSION:

High-frequency ultrasonography revealed unique tumor characteristics, quantified tumor size, and demonstrated tumor response to radiation therapy.

PMID:
17698751
DOI:
10.1001/archopht.125.8.1051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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