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Diabetes. 2007 Nov;56(11):2834-8. Epub 2007 Aug 13.

Frequency of the G/G genotype of resistin single nucleotide polymorphism at -420 appears to be increased in younger-onset type 2 diabetes.

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Department of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.



Resistin is an adipocyte-secreted cytokine associated with insulin resistance in mice. We previously reported that the G/G genotype of a resistin single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at -420 increases type 2 diabetes susceptibility by enhancing its promoter activity. The aim of the present study was to determine the relevance of SNP -120 in a large number of subjects.


We examined 2,610 type 2 diabetic case and 2,502 control subjects. The relation between SNP -420 and the age of type 2 diabetes onset was further analyzed by adding 237 type 2 diabetic subjects with age of onset <or=40 years.


When analyzed without considering subject age, the SNP -420 genotype was not associated with type 2 diabetes. Since we reported that the onset of type 2 diabetes was earlier in G/G genotype, we analyzed the data using a trend test for age intervals of 10 years. The frequency of G/G genotype differed among age grades in type 2 diabetes (P = 0.037) and appeared to be higher in younger grades. In type 2 diabetes, G/G genotype was more frequent in subjects aged <40 years than in those aged >or=40 years (G/G vs. C/C, P = 0.003). In a total of 2,430 type 2 diabetic subjects with age of onset <60 years, the trend test showed that the G/G genotype had an increasing linear trend as the age grade of type 2 diabetes onset became younger (P = 0.0379). In control subjects, the frequency of C/G genotype showed an increasing linear trend with increasing age (P = 0.010).


The G/G genotype frequency of resistin SNP -420 appears to be increased in younger-onset type 2 diabetic subjects.

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