Send to

Choose Destination
Dev Biol. 2007 Sep 15;309(2):193-207. Epub 2007 Jun 29.

Mechanisms of palatal epithelial seam disintegration by transforming growth factor (TGF) beta3.

Author information

Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, The University of Nebraska Medical Center, 40th and Holdrege, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA.


TGFbeta3 signaling initiates and completes sequential phases of cellular differentiation that is required for complete disintegration of the palatal medial edge seam, that progresses between 14 and 17 embryonic days in the murine system, which is necessary in establishing confluence of the palatal stroma. Understanding the cellular mechanism of palatal MES disintegration in response to TGFbeta3 signaling will result in new approaches to defining the causes of cleft palate and other facial clefts that may result from failure of seam disintegration. We have isolated MES primary cells to study the details of MES disintegration mechanism by TGFbeta3 during palate development using several biochemical and genetic approaches. Our results demonstrate a novel mechanism of MES disintegration where MES, independently yet sequentially, undergoes cell cycle arrest, cell migration and apoptosis to generate immaculate palatal confluency during palatogenesis in response to robust TGFbeta3 signaling. The results contribute to a missing fundamental element to our base knowledge of the diverse roles of TGFbeta3 in functional and morphological changes that MES undergo during palatal seam disintegration. We believe that our findings will lead to more effective treatment of facial clefting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center