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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Oct;13(10):1018-22. Epub 2007 Aug 13.

Multicentre determination of quality control strains and quality control ranges for antifungal susceptibility testing of yeasts and filamentous fungi using the methods of the Antifungal Susceptibility Testing Subcommittee of the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (AFST-EUCAST).

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1
National Centre for Microbiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. mcuenca-estrella@isciii.es

Abstract

A multicentre study involving seven laboratories was performed using techniques recommended by the Antifungal Susceptibility Testing Subcommittee of the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (AFST-EUCAST) to evaluate and propose quality control ranges and strains for susceptibility testing of fermentative yeasts and filamentous fungi. Participating laboratories tested the susceptibilities of a panel of 12 encoded isolates to amphotericin B, flucytosine, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole. In total, 15 lots of assay medium were tested, with one lot being common to all laboratories, and 18 144 MIC values were determined. Intra- and inter-laboratory agreements and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) of the results for each drug/strain/lot combination were calculated. An average value of 85% agreement was selected for validation purposes. The average percentage of intra-laboratory agreement was 90-95%, with ICC values of 0.90-0.95 (p <0.01). Inter-laboratory reproducibility was also high, with 92% agreement and an ICC of 0.97 (p <0.01). The reproducibility was somewhat better with the common lot of assay medium (96% agreement) than with the different lots (91% agreement), but this difference was not significant. Two isolates that showed trailing growth had agreement percentages below the 85% limit selected for validation purposes and were therefore excluded from the panel of quality control strains. The recommended EUCAST methodologies were found to be highly reproducible and reliable for susceptibility testing of yeasts and filamentous fungi. Ten isolates are proposed for use as quality control strains with these EUCAST procedures.

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