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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Oct;13(10):971-9. Epub 2007 Aug 13.

Replacement of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones in Hungary over time: a 10-year surveillance study.

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Laboratório de Genética Molecular, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras, Portugal.


The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Hungary has been increasing and is now close to 20% among invasive isolates of S. aureus. In order to understand the evolution of MRSA in Hungary, two collections of isolates were studied: 22 representatives of a collection of 238 MRSA isolates recovered between 1994 and 1998, and a collection of 299 MRSA isolates recovered between 2001 and 2004. The isolates were first characterised by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and were distributed into 19 different PFGE patterns. Representatives of each pattern were further characterised by spa typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing. The Hungarian clone that was predominant in 1994-1998 (PFGE E, ST239-III) had almost disappeared in 2003-2004, being replaced by the Southern German clone (PFGE B, ST228-I) and the New York/Japan epidemic clone (PFGE A, ST5-II), which represented c. 85% of the 2001-2004 isolates. Thus, this study describes, for the first time, the co-dominance and extensive spread of the New York/Japan clone in a European country.

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