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Biotechniques. 2007 Jul;43(1):101-5.

New tissue microarray technology for analyses of gene expression in frozen pathological samples.

Author information

1
Ambion, Inc., Austin, TX , USA.

Abstract

Tissue microarrays (TMAs) are widely used to analyze gene expression in multiple pathological samples on a single slide. Currently, most TMA slides are made by coring paraffin-embedded tissues and arraying them into a paraffin block, from which TMA sections are cut. However paraffin-based TMA technology may not be compatible with frozen clinical tissue samples, which have a higher quality of RNAs and proteins for preparing TMAs than paraffin-embedded tissue samples. In this study, we developed an alternative TMA technology that is applicable to a broader range of frozen tissue samples. Our method takes advantage of a newly developed array recipient block that can be used to array small tissue cores. After arraying tissue cores, the tissue block can be immediately sectioned on a cryostat microtome to make TMA slides. TMAs made using this method have well-defined array configurations and good tissue/cell morphology. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization study also revealed well-preserved proteins and mRNAs on TMA slides. Our method significantly simplifies TMA preparation and assembly when frozen pathological tissues are used. Our technology provides an alternative tool for creating high-quality TMAs for the general research community to study gene expressions in pathological samples.

PMID:
17695259
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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