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Hamostaseologie. 2007 Aug;27(3):155-60; quiz 161-2.

[Control of aspirin effect in chronic cardiovascular patients using two whole blood platelet function assays. PFA-100 and Multiplate].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Institut für Laboratoriumsmedizin, Klinikum Fulda gAG, Pacelliallee 4, 63043 Fulda. vonpape@klinikum-fulda.de

Abstract

In this study two aspirin sensitive platelet function tests which are based on the analysis of whole blood were evaluated and correlated with each other. In vitro bleeding time was determined using the PFA-100 analyzer (Dade Behring, Marburg, Germany) using the collagen/epinephrine cartridge and citrated blood. Whole blood aggregometry was performed using the Multiplate analyzer (Dynabyte medical, Munich, Germany) using hirudin blood (25 mug/ml). Aggregatin was triggered using arachidonic acid (ASPItest), collagen (COLtest) or TRAP-6 (thrombin receptor activating peptide, TRAPtest). Following informed consent citrated blood and hirudin blood was drawn from 76 cardiovascular patients which were on long-term aspirin therapy (aspirin patients). In addition hirudin blood was drawn from 57 healthy blood donors for assessment of whole blood aggregometry. PFA-100 closure times of the aspirin patients were 273 +/- 49 s. Based on the cut-off of 170 s a non response to the aspirin therapy was detected in 5 of 76 patients. Whole blood aggregation was comparable in the aspirin patients vs the blood donors AUC values in the TRAP test, whereas in COLtest and ASPItest significantly reduced aggregations were detected (p < 0.05). Of the five patients that had a normal PFA-100 closure time only one had normal aggregation in ASPItest, and also only one had a normal aggregation in COLtest. The high rate of response to the aspirin therapy which was found in PFA-100 and ASPItest can be explained by the assumed high level of compliance of the cohort. In the applied tests different patients were stratified as aspirin-non-responders. This highlights the importance of the assay conditions for the diagnosis of an aspirin-non-response.

PMID:
17694222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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