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J Biol Chem. 2007 Oct 12;282(41):30265-72. Epub 2007 Aug 11.

IQGAP1 regulates Salmonella invasion through interactions with actin, Rac1, and Cdc42.

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Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


To infect host cells, Salmonella utilizes an intricate system to manipulate the actin cytoskeleton and promote bacterial uptake. Proteins injected into the host cell by Salmonella activate the Rho GTPases, Rac1 and Cdc42, to induce actin polymerization. Following uptake, a different set of proteins inactivates Rac1 and Cdc42, returning the cytoskeleton to normal. Although the signaling pathways allowing Salmonella to invade host cells are beginning to be understood, many of the contributing factors remain to be elucidated. IQGAP1 is a multidomain protein that influences numerous cellular functions, including modulation of Rac1/Cdc42 signaling and actin polymerization. Here, we report that IQGAP1 regulates Salmonella invasion. Through its interaction with actin, IQGAP1 co-localizes with Rac1, Cdc42, and actin at sites of bacterial uptake, whereas infection promotes the interaction of IQGAP1 with both Rac1 and Cdc42. Knockdown of IQGAP1 significantly reduces Salmonella invasion and abrogates activation of Cdc42 and Rac1 by Salmonella. Overexpression of IQGAP1 significantly increases the ability of Salmonella to enter host cells and required interaction with both actin and Cdc42/Rac1. Together, these data identify IQGAP1 as a novel regulator of Salmonella invasion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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