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Regul Pept. 2007 Dec 4;144(1-3):56-61. Epub 2007 Jun 21.

Cystinyl aminopeptidase activity is decreased in renal cell carcinomas.

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  • 1Department of Nursing I, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Bizkaia, Spain.


The involvement of peptidases in carcinogenetic processes of several tumor types has been researched in recent years. Although kidney is one of the major tissues known to express cystinyl-aminopeptidase (CAP), little is known about its role in renal neoplasia. This study analyzes fluorimetrically membrane-bound and soluble CAP activity in the three main renal cancers: clear cell (CCRCC), papillary (PRCC), and chromophobe (ChRCC) renal cell carcinomas. Overall, a marked decrease of membrane-bound CAP activity in all the three renal cell carcinomas was detected when compared with their respective surrounding non-tumor tissues. So, the tumor vs. non-tumor CAP ratios (units of peptidase per mg of protein) was as follows: 926+/-111 vs. 3778+/-276 for CCRCCs, 737+/-181 vs. 4351+/-950 for PRCCs, and 592+/-118 vs. 4905+/-935 for ChRCCs. In contrast, the soluble fraction of this enzyme displayed minor and non-significant changes when comparing tumor and non-tumor CAP activities in the whole series. After stratification by stage and grade, CCRCCs displayed significant differences: pT3 category had significantly higher levels of membrane-bound activity than pT1, and high grade cases (G3-4) had higher soluble CAP activity than low grade ones (G1-2). These data may open additional possibilities in the study of renal cell carcinoma with regard to the prognosis of patients.

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