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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2007 Nov 15;315(2):678-84. Epub 2007 Jul 10.

Unusual behavior of CMC for binary mixtures of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides: dependence on chain length difference.

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Department of Biological Substances and Life Science, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Kyoritsu University, 1-8 Jiyugaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu 807-8585, Japan.


The critical micelle concentrations (CMC) of binary mixtures of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides (CnTAB) were measured by a conductivity method. The CMCs of C12TAB-C14TAB and C14TAB-C16TAB systems exhibit the usual behavior, namely a monotonic decrease of the CMC with the mole fraction of the longer chain surfactant. However, the CMC behaviors of C10TAB-C16TAB, C11TAB-C16TAB, C12TAB-C16TAB, and C11TAB-C14TAB are unusual. The behaviors of the CMCs with mole fraction for these systems consist of three regions, of which the first is characterized by a very small decrease of the CMC in the range of low mole fraction, followed by a second where there is an abrupt decrease of the CMC, and a third where the CMCs exhibit their usual behavior. The molecular interaction parameter omega is almost equal to zero for mixtures that have the usual CMC behavior, but is small and positive for those systems with unusual CMCs. We infer that for very low mole fractions of C16TAB, the C16TA ion in the C12TAB-C16TAB system penetrates imperfectly into the micelle and its two methylene groups exist outside the micelle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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