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Inorg Chem. 2007 Sep 3;46(18):7312-20. Epub 2007 Aug 11.

Tetranuclear complexes of [Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]+ with TCNX ligands (TCNX=TCNE, TCNQ, TCNB): intramolecular electron transfer alternatives in compounds (mu4-TCNX)[MLn]4.

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Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany.


The complexes {(mu4-TCNX)[Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]4}(BF4)4 were prepared as light-sensitive materials from [Fe(CO)2(C5H5) (THF)](BF4) and the corresponding TCNX ligands (TCNE = tetracyanoethene, TCNQ=7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane, TCNB=1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene). Whereas the TCNE and TCNQ complexes are extremely easily reduced species with reduction potentials>+0.3 V vs ferrocenium/ferrocene, the tetranuclear complex of TCNB exhibits a significantly more negative reduction potential at about -1.0 V. Even for the complexes with strongly pi-accepting TCNE and TCNQ, the very positive reduction potentials, the unusually high nitrile stretching frequencies>2235 cm(-1), and the high-energy charge-transfer transitions indicate negligible metal-to-ligand electron transfer in the ground state, corresponding to a largely unperturbed (TCNX degrees)(FeII)4 formulation of oxidation states as caused by orthogonality between the metal-centered HOMO and the pi* LUMO of TCNX. Mössbauer spectroscopy confirms the low-spin iron(II) state, and DFT calculations suggest coplanar TCNE and TCNQ bridging ligands in the complex tetracations. One-electron reduction to the 3+ forms of the TCNE and TCNQ complexes produces EPR spectra which confirm the predominant ligand character of the then singly occupied MO through isotropic g values slightly below 2, in addition to a negligible g anisotropy of frozen solutions at frequencies up to 285 GHz and also through an unusually well-resolved solution X band EPR spectrum of {(mu4-TCNE)[Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]4}3+ which shows the presence of four equivalent [Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]+ moieties through 57Fe and 13C(CO) hyperfine coupling in nonenriched material. DFT calculations reproduce the experimental EPR data. A survey of discrete TCNE and TCNQ complexes [(mu4-TCNX)(MLn)4] exhibits a dichotomy between the systems {(mu4-TCNX)[Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]4}4+ and {(mu4-TCNQ)[Re(CO)3(bpy)]4}4+ with their negligible metal-to-ligand electron transfer and several other compounds of TCNE or TCNQ with Mn, Ru, Os, or Cu complex fragments which display evidence for a strong such interaction, i.e., an appreciable value delta in the formulation {(mu4-TCNXdelta-)[Mx+delta/4Ln]4}. Irreversibility of the first reduction of {(mu4-TCNB)[Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]4}(BF4)4 precluded spectroelectrochemical studies; however, the high-energy CN stretching frequencies and charge transfer absorptions of that TCNB analogue also confirm the exceptional position of the complexes {(mu4-TCNX)[Fe(CO)2(C5H5)]4}(BF4)4.

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