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Mil Med. 2007 Jul;172(7):782-6.

Prevalence and epidemiology of pathological gambling at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth psychiatry clinic.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, VA 23708, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Gambling has exploded in popularity, but pathological gambling (PG) is infrequently diagnosed. The objectives of this study were to calculate the prevalence of PG in a psychiatry clinic, to determine whether PG is underdiagnosed, and to analyze risk factors for PG.

METHODS:

A survey was completed by 584 outpatients presenting to the Naval Medical Center Portsmouth psychiatry clinic over 6 months. Epidemiological data, smoking status, and alcohol use were assessed, and the South Oaks Gambling Screen was administered.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of PG determined with the South Oaks Gambling Screen was 1.4%. The electronically documented prevalence of PG was 0.04%. Male subjects, smokers, and subjects with an alcohol problem were more likely to have a gambling problem. Active duty members did not have statistically significantly higher rates of PG.

CONCLUSIONS:

PG is markedly underdiagnosed. Military members are not at elevated risk for PG, relative to their dependents. Further research and greater awareness of PG are needed.

PMID:
17691696
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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