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Am J Vet Res. 1976 Feb;37(2):165-9.

Pathogenicity of an attenuated strain of transmissible gastroenteritis virus for newborn pigs.


The pathogenicity of a cell culture-attenuated strain of transmissible gastroenteritis virus for newborn pigs was investigated. Newborn (1- to 2-day-old) pigs were orally given 2 x 10(6) plaque-forming units of attenuated virus. All pigs developed mild diarrhea, but deaths did not occur. As determined by immunofluorescence and villous atropy, infection of the small intestine was limited to the caudal 50 to 66%. Fluorescing cells and atrophic villi were seen from 2 to 3 days until 6 to 7 days after exposure. Attenuated virus-exposed pigs produced circulating virus-neutralizing antibodies detectable as early as 5 days after exposure. By contrast, all pigs orally given 1 x 10(2) pig infective doses of virulent transmissible gastroenteritis virus developed severe diarrhea, and almost all of those not killed died within 2 to 5 days after exposure. In the latter pigs, the entire length of the small intestine, except for the first 4 to 5 cm, was infected with virus by 24 to 36 hours after exposure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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