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Phytomedicine. 2007 Dec;14(12):806-14. Epub 2007 Aug 8.

Resveratrol enhances proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation in human mesenchymal stem cells via ER-dependent ERK1/2 activation.

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  • 1Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China.


In the present study, we investigated the in vitro effect of resveratrol (RSVL), a polyphenolic phytoestrogen, on cell proliferation and osteoblastic maturation in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (HBMSC) cultures. RSVL (10(-8)-10(-5) M) increased cell growth dose-dependently, as measured by [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation, and stimulated osteoblastic maturation as assessed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium deposition into the extracellular matrix, and the expression of osteoblastic markers such as RUNX2/CBFA1, Osterix and Osteocalcin in HBMSCs cell cultures. Further studies found that RSVL (10(-6)M) resulted in a rapid activation of both extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling in HBMSCs cultures. The effects of RSVL were mimicked by 17beta-estrodial (10(-8) M) and were abolished by estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist ICI182780. An ERK1/2 pathway inhibitor, PD98059, significantly attenuated RSVL-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation, consistent with the reduction of cell proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation as well as expression of osteoblastic markers. In contrast, SB203580, a p38 MAPK pathway blocker, blocked RSVL-induced p38 phosphorylation, but resulted in an increase of cell proliferation and a more osteoblastic maturation. These data suggest that RSVL stimulates HBMSCs proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation through an ER-dependent mechanism and coupling to ERK1/2 activation.

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