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Nurse Educ Pract. 2007 Mar;7(2):103-11. Epub 2006 Sep 11.

The CCARE model of clinical supervision: bridging the theory-practice gap.

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McMaster University, School of Nursing, 1200 Main St. W., Hamilton, Ont., Canada L8N 3Z5.


Clinical supervision of nursing students is a key component of nursing education. The clinical setting provides students with an opportunity to develop a professional identity, knowledge base, and the ability to transfer classroom knowledge to the clinical setting. This paper suggests a model of clinical supervision that will address how to bridge the pre-existing theory-practice gap in nursing education through an attitude of caring and the utilization of caring behaviours based on Leininger's theory of culture care. Key concepts included in this model are: communication, collaboration, application, reflection and evaluation, these concepts comprise the CCARE model of clinical supervision.

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