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East Mediterr Health J. 2007 May-Jun;13(3):575-9.

Prevalence of refractive error and low vision among schoolchildren in Cairo.

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1
Memorial Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

A preliminary survey was conducted to detect the prevalence of refractive error (RE) and low vision among 5839 schoolchildren aged 7-14 years in Cairo, Egypt. Screening was done using Landolt broken ring chart and pinhole test. The prevalence of RE (visual acuity < or = 6/12) among the schoolchildren was 22.1% and low vision (visual acuity < or = 6/18) was 12.5%. The prevalence of low vision was greatest among the preparatory schoolchildren aged 12+ years. RE was higher among the female students than males (21.4% and 13.6% respectively). Development of a national survey for detection of visual problems for both preschool and school-aged children is recommended.

PMID:
17687830
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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