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Head Neck. 2008 Jan;30(1):93-102.

Health behaviors of head and neck cancer patients the first year after diagnosis.

Author information

1
VA HSR&D Center for Practice Management and Outcomes Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. sonia.duffy@va.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This prospective, cohort study is the first to describe 5 health behaviors of head and neck cancer patients the first year after diagnosis.

METHODS:

Patients (N = 283) were recruited in otolaryngology clinic waiting rooms and asked to complete written surveys. A medical record audit was also conducted. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine which variables were associated with the 5 health behaviors.

RESULTS:

Half of the patients smoked and 25% were problem drinkers. Over half of the smokers and drinkers quit 1 year post-diagnosis. Smoking and problem drinking were highly associated and both were associated with lower body mass index (BMI) (p < .01). Moreover, physical activity and sleep were associated with each other (p < .01). Low SLEEP (Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale) scores were common and highly associated with depression (p < .01).

CONCLUSION:

The health behaviors of head and neck cancer patients are interrelated, and assessing and treating these behaviors together may be beneficial.

PMID:
17685451
DOI:
10.1002/hed.20665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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