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J Infect. 2007 Oct;55(4):347-52. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

Determinants of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in patients with chronic lung diseases.

Author information

1
Institute of Social Medicine, Medical University Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Germany. yvonne.schoefer@gsf.de

Abstract

Despite strong recommendations, immunization rates for influenza and pneumococci are low. We aimed to analyse the vaccination status and its determinants in patients with chronic lung diseases.

METHODS:

Information about actual influenza (IV) and pneumococcal (PV) vaccination status was obtained by a standardised questionnaire from 2491 patients presenting to a specialised centre of respiratory medicine in Rotenburg/Wuemme (Germany). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify potential determinants of IV and PV.

RESULTS:

Of 2131 patients with asthma and/or COPD, included into detailed analyses (52.0% male, mean age 56.6 years), 46.5% had received an IV and 14.6% a PV. Main reason for not being vaccinated was the lack of information, reaching 87.6% for PV (53.5% for IV); 37.0% saw no reason for an IV (PV 21.3%). Vaccination rates differed depending on the patients' age and education level.

CONCLUSION:

The results indicate a marked information deficit on immunization which is explicitly higher for PV. Target-group-specific strategies should increase the knowledge on vaccinations in order to avoid the development or aggravation of acute and chronic lung diseases.

PMID:
17681608
DOI:
10.1016/j.jinf.2007.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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