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Psychol Sci. 2007 Aug;18(8):657-62.

The level and nature of autistic intelligence.

Author information

1
Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière-des-Prairies, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

Autistics are presumed to be characterized by cognitive impairment, and their cognitive strengths (e.g., in Block Design performance) are frequently interpreted as low-level by-products of high-level deficits, not as direct manifestations of intelligence. Recent attempts to identify the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional signature of autism have been positioned on this universal, but untested, assumption. We therefore assessed a broad sample of 38 autistic children on the preeminent test of fluid intelligence, Raven's Progressive Matrices. Their scores were, on average, 30 percentile points, and in some cases more than 70 percentile points, higher than their scores on the Wechsler scales of intelligence. Typically developing control children showed no such discrepancy, and a similar contrast was observed when a sample of autistic adults was compared with a sample of nonautistic adults. We conclude that intelligence has been underestimated in autistics.

PMID:
17680932
PMCID:
PMC4287210
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01954.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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