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Mol Vis. 2007 Jul 24;13:1285-90.

Interleukin-1alpha downregulates extracellular-superoxide dismutase in human corneal keratoconus stromal cells.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences/Ophthalmology, Section for Anatomy, Umeå University, Sweden.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this investigation was to elucidate the regulation of corneal extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) synthesis in keratoconus. We compared the basal and cytokine-regulated SOD3 synthesis in cultured human stromal cells from keratoconus corneas to stromal cells from normal and bullous keratopathy corneas.

METHODS:

Keratocyte cultures were obtained from patients undergoing corneal transplantation for keratoconus and bullous keratopathy, and from healthy donor corneas. The cell lines obtained were cultured until near confluence and interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-6, transforming growth factor beta, or platelet derived growth factor were added to the media. The phenotypes of the cultured cells were assessed by immunocytochemical expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin and CD34. SOD3 protein contents were determined in the culture media with ELISA after 24, 48, 72, and 96 h.

RESULTS:

Interleukin-1alpha had an inhibitory effect on SOD3 synthesis exclusively in the keratoconus cultures (p<0.01). Platelet derived growth factor induced a reduction in SOD3 synthesis in all groups (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Here, we demonstrate that cultured keratoconus stromal cells respond with a reduced SOD3 synthesis to interleukin-1alpha, which is not the case in corresponding normal or bullous keratopathy cells. Since interleukin-1alpha is upregulated in corneal trauma and inflammation, keratoconus corneas may muster an insufficient oxidative defense under such conditions.

PMID:
17679946
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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