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J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007 Aug;27(4):387-91.

Effect of open-label lamotrigine as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy on the self-assessed cognitive function scores of patients with bipolar I disorder.

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Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA, USA.


Cognitive deficits in patients with bipolar disorder are likely to impair occupational and social functioning. In a post hoc analysis of data from a prospective, open-label study of lamotrigine in 1175 patients 13 years or older with bipolar I disorder, changes in the self-rated cognitive function scores of patients receiving lamotrigine as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy were evaluated. Lamotrigine was given for 12 weeks, with a target dosage of 200 mg/d. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and week 12 with the self-rated Medical Outcomes Study Cognitive (MOS-Cog) Scale. Mean MOS-Cog scores improved significantly from baseline in the overall group (+8.4 +/- 22.55 points, P < 0.0001) and in subgroups of patients receiving and not receiving concomitant valproate, antidepressants, or antipsychotics. Patients receiving lamotrigine and not receiving concomitant antipsychotics, however, exhibited a small but significantly greater degree of improvement than patients who were receiving concomitant antipsychotics (adjusted mean difference = 4.05; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-6.81; P = 0.0039). Statistically significant improvement was seen in patient subgroups with a depressive (mean change from baseline, 8.8 +/- 21.97; P < 0.0001) or a manic (mean change from baseline, 7.5 +/- 22.62; P = 0.0007) index episode. Improvements in MOS-Cog scores significantly correlated with improvement in both depressive (correlation coefficient, -0.339; P < 0.0001) and manic (correlation coefficient, -0.151; P < 0.0001) symptoms. Overall, self-rated cognitive function scores improved during open-label lamotrigine therapy in patients with bipolar I disorder whether or not they were receiving concomitant valproate, antidepressants, or antipsychotics. Additional research is needed to explore the clinical relevance of these findings.

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