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Am J Physiol. 1991 Dec;261(6 Pt 1):L491-4.

Altered ion transport by tracheal glands in cystic fibrosis.

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1
Cystic Fibrosis Research Center, University of California, San Francisco 94143.

Abstract

Acini of tracheal glands from 12 humans without cystic fibrosis (CF) and from two CF patients were isolated by enzymatic digestion. They were plated on flasks coated with human placental collagen (HPC) in media containing Ultroser G serum substitute and a variety of growth factors. Confluent cell sheets formed after 20 days. Cells were then isolated by trypsinization and replated at 10(6) cells/cm2 onto porous-bottomed inserts coated with HPC. Confluent sheets formed on day 1 after replating and were studied on day 10 in Ussing chambers. Transepithelial resistance (Rte) and baseline short-circuit current (Isc) of CF cultures (171 +/- 67 omega.cm2, 3.8 +/- 0.8 microA/cm2; n = 5) were significantly less than non-CF (541 +/- 116 omega.cm2, 9.9 +/- 2.3 microA/cm2; n = 14). Responses in Isc to mediators were also significantly reduced in CF: isoproterenol (10(-5)M) = 0.04 +/- 0.04 vs. 1.9 +/- 0.6; methacholine (10(-5)M) = 0.2 +/- 0.1 vs. 7.1 +/- 1.7; bradykinin (10(-6)M) = 0.4 +/- 0.1 vs. 5.0 +/- 1.0 microA/cm2; n = 5 for CF, n = 14 for non-CF. When CF and non-CF cells were matched for baseline Isc and Rte, the responses of CF cells to mediators still remained statistically lower than normal. The reduced responses of CF cells to bradykinin and methacholine, in addition to isoproterenol, suggest that both Ca-dependent and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-dependent regulation of Cl secretion are defective in CF tracheobronchial glands. The resulting reduction in fluid secretion by glands may contribute to the accumulation of airway mucus in CF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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