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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Jul 6;99(1):016802. Epub 2007 Jul 5.

Correlation-driven charge order at the interface between a Mott and a band insulator.

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Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Munich, Theresienstrasse 41, 80333 Munich, Germany.


To study digital Mott insulator LaTiO3 and band insulator SrTiO3 interfaces, we apply correlated band theory within the local density approximation including a Hubbard U to (n, m) multilayers, 1<or=n, m<or=9 using unit cells with larger lateral periodicity. If the on-site repulsion on Ti is big enough to model the Mott insulating behavior of undistorted LaTiO3, the charge imbalance at the interface is found in all cases to be accommodated by disproportionation (Ti4++Ti3+), charge ordering, and Ti3+ dxy-orbital ordering, with antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between the spins in the interface layer. Lattice relaxations lead to conducting behavior by shifting (slightly but importantly) the lower Hubbard band, but the charge and orbital order is robust against relaxation.

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