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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Jun 15;98(24):247201. Epub 2007 Jun 11.

Exact results for spin dynamics and fractionalization in the Kitaev Model.

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1
The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Chennai 600 113, India.

Abstract

We present certain exact analytical results for dynamical spin correlation functions in the Kitaev Model. It is the first result of its kind in nontrivial quantum spin models. The result is also novel: in spite of the presence of gapless propagating Majorana fermion excitations, dynamical two spin correlation functions are identically zero beyond nearest neighbor separation. This shows existence of a gapless but short range spin liquid. An unusual, all energy scale fractionalization of a spin-flip quanta, into two infinitely massive pi fluxes and a dynamical Majorana fermion, is shown to occur. As the Kitaev Model exemplifies topological quantum computation, our result presents new insights into qubit dynamics and generation of topological excitations.

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