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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2007 Jun;75(6 Pt 2):066605. Epub 2007 Jun 14.

Spatial vector soliton and its collisions in isotropic self-defocusing Kerr media.

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P.G. and Research Department of Physics, Jamal Mohamed College, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-620 020, Tamilnadu, India.


A fairly general form of the two-component (dark-dark) vector one-soliton solution of the integrable coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equation (Manakov model) with self-defocusing nonlinearity is obtained by using the Hirota method. It couples two dark components with the same envelope width, envelope speed, and envelope trough location using two complex arbitrary parameters not only in the envelope amplitude but also in the complex modulation. Although it has the freedom to change its pulse width without affecting its speed, it can also tune its grayness (depth of the pulse relative to background) without disturbing the envelope width and speed. The variations in peak power against the depth of localization of two dark components are investigated with and without a parametric restriction. The collision between many dark-dark vector solitons has also been studied by constructing a multisoliton solution with more free parameters.


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