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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Oct;63(10):941-9. Epub 2007 Aug 4.

Voriconazole and fluconazole increase the exposure to oral diazepam.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Care and Pain Medicine, University of Turku, P.O. Box 52, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20520, Turku, Finland. teijo.saari@tyks.fi

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We assessed the effect of voriconazole and fluconazole on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of diazepam.

METHODS:

Twelve healthy volunteers took 5 mg of oral diazepam in a randomised order on three study sessions: without pretreatment, after oral voriconazole 400 mg twice daily on the first day and 200 mg twice daily on the second day, or after oral fluconazole 400 mg on the first day and 200 mg on the second day. Plasma concentrations of diazepam and N-desmethyldiazepam were determined for up to 48 h. Pharmacodynamic variables were measured for 12 h.

RESULTS:

In the voriconazole phase, the area under the plasma concentration time curve (AUC 0-infinity) of diazepam was increased (geometric mean ratio) 2.2-fold (p < 0.05; 90% confidence interval [CI] 1.56 to 2.82). This was associated with the prolongation of the mean elimination half-life (t(1/2)) from 31 h to 61 h (p < 0.01) after voriconazole. In the fluconazole phase, the AUC 0-infinity of diazepam was increased 2.5-fold (p < 0.01; 90% CI 1.94 to 3.40), and the t(1/2) was prolonged from 31 h to 73 h (p < 0.001). The peak plasma concentration of diazepam was practically unchanged by voriconazole and fluconazole. The pharmacodynamics of diazepam were changed only modestly.

CONCLUSION:

Both voriconazole and fluconazole considerably increase the exposure to diazepam. Recurrent administration of diazepam increases the risk of clinically significant interactions during voriconazole or fluconazole treatment, because the elimination of diazepam is impaired significantly.

PMID:
17676319
DOI:
10.1007/s00228-007-0350-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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