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Clin Cardiol. 2007 Jul;30(7):326-30.

Plasma catecholamines and ischemic heart disease.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Medical School and Teaching Hospital, Plzen, Charles University, Czech Republic. jana.slaikova@lfp.cuni.cz

Abstract

Plasma levels of norepinephrine and epinephrine were measured in 84 patients aged 56 +/- 9 (mean +/- SD) years with chronic ischemic heart disease (IHD), anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI), posterior AMI, acute or chronic IHD associated with various types of electrical instability and in the control subjects. During the first day of hospitalization, plasma epinephrine levels were higher in patients with AMI in both localizations and chronic IHD in comparison with control values. There were no significant differences in plasma epinephrine levels among these groups of patients. However, in the same time period, plasma norepinephrine concentrations in patients with chronic IHD and posterior AMI did not differ from the control values; in patients with anterior AMI they reached by approximately 60% higher values than in the control group. Moreover, all myocardial lesions showing different types of electrical instability were associated with increased plasma levels of both norepinephrine and epinephrine. In conclusion, high plasma levels of epinephrine may result from sympathoadrenal activation. High plasma levels of norepinephrine in patients with anterior AMI and no change in patients with posterior AMI suggest a rather myocardial than an extramyocardial origin of plasma norepinephrine level in anterior AMI. Norepinephrine released from the ischemic area might contribute to the electrical instability of the myocardium and generation of dysrrhythmias.

PMID:
17674373
DOI:
10.1002/clc.20099
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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