Send to

Choose Destination
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007 Oct;27(10):2222-7. Epub 2007 Aug 2.

USF1 contributes to high serum lipid levels in Dutch FCHL families and U.S. whites with coronary artery disease.

Author information

Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.



Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) characterized by high serum total cholesterol and/or triglycerides (TGs) is a common dyslipidemia predisposing to coronary artery disease (CAD). Recently, the upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) was linked and associated with FCHL and TGs in Finnish FCHL families. Here we examined the previously associated rs3737787 SNP in extended Dutch FCHL families (n=532) and in a cohort of US subjects who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography (n=1533).


In males of the Dutch FCHL families, we observed significant sex-dependent associations between the common allele of rs3737787 and FCHL, TGs, and related metabolic traits (P=0.02 to 0.006). In the U.S. Whites, sex-dependent associations with TGs and related metabolic traits were observed for the common allele of rs3737787 in males (P=0.04 to 0.02) and rare allele in females (P=0.05 to 0.002). This intriguing relationship was further supported by the highly significant genotype x sex interactions observed for TGs in the Dutch and TGs and body mass index (BMI) in U.S. White subjects with CAD (P=0.0005 to 0.00004).


These data show that USF1 influences several cardiovascular risk factors in a sex-dependent manner in Dutch FCHL families and U.S. Whites with CAD. A significant interaction between sex and genotype was shown to affect TGs and BMI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center