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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Oct;103(4):1251-6. Epub 2007 Aug 2.

Effect of exercise with and without a thermal clamp on the plasma heat shock protein 72 response.

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School of Sport, Health and Exercise Science University of Wales, Bangor Holyhead Rd., Bangor LL57 2PZ, UK.


The contribution of heat and exercise related stress to the release of heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) is currently unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine the combined and independent effects of heat and exercise on the extracellular (e)HSP72 response. Eleven moderately trained male volunteers [means +/- SD: age 21 +/- 4 yr; body mass 75.7 +/- 7.7 kg; maximal oxygen uptake ((.)Vo(2 max)) 57.8 +/- 3.3] completed four 2-h, heat-manipulated, water-immersion trials. Trials were exercise-induced heat (EIH; rectal temperature change +2.2 degrees C), clamped exercise (CEx; 0 degrees C), passive heating (PHT; +2.3 degrees C), and control (Con; 0 degrees C). Exercise trials (EIH and CEx) comprised deep-water running at 58.5 +/- 2.4 and 59.1 +/- 1.7% (.)vo(2)max. eHSP72 and catecholamine concentrations were determined by ELISA and HPLC, respectively, pre- and postimmersion. All trials induced an eHSP72 response (P < 0.05) with postimmersion values significantly greater on EIH compared with other trials (6.0 +/- 3.4; CEx 3.8 +/- 2.6; PHT 2.7 +/- 2.1; Con 2.2 +/- 1.9 ng/ml). Exercising with a thermal clamp blunted the eHSP72 response, but postimmersion values were also greater than Con. PHT induced a large catecholamine response, but postimmersion eHSP72 values did not reach significance vs. Con. Given that exercising with a thermal clamp evoked a significant increase in plasma eHSP72 concentration, exercise-related stressors other than heat appeared influential in stimulating HSP72 release. Moreover, the catecholamine data from PHT suggest neither epinephrine nor norepinephrine was solely responsible for eHSP72 release.

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